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J J Scoles

Joseph John Scoles

Biography at www.victorianweb.org/art/architecture/scoles -
'... Joseph John Scoles the architect, was born in London on 27 June 1798. He was the son of Matthew Scoles, a joiner, and Elizabeth Sparling. His parents were Roman catholics. Educated at the Roman catholic school at Baddesley Green, Joseph was apprenticed in 1812 for seven years to his kinsman, Joseph Ireland, an architect largely employed by Dr. John Milner (1752-1826), the Roman Catholic bishop. During his apprenticeship, John Carter (1748-1817), through Milner's influence, revised his detailed drawings, and he thus had his attention directed at an early period to mediæval ecclesiastical art. Ireland, as was customary at that period, frequently acted as contractor as well as designer, and from 1816 to 1819 Scoles was resident at Hassop Hall, Bakewell, and in Leicester, superintending works for Ireland.

In 1822 Scoles left England in company with Joseph Bonomi the younger for further study, and devoted himself to archæological and architectural research in Rome, Greece, Egypt, and Syria. Henry Parke and T. Catherwood were often his companions. He published in 1829 an engraved Map of Nubia, comprising the country between the first and second cataracts of the Nile, from a survey made in 1824 jointly by him and Parke, and a map of the city of Jerusalem; his plan of the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, with his drawings of the Jewish tombs in the valley of Jehoshaphat, was published by Professor Robert Willis in 1849. The plan of the temple of Cadacchio, contributed by Scoles to the supplementary volume of Stuart and Revett, was published without acknowledgment. Two sheets of classic detail, drawn by F. Arundale from sketches by Parke and Scoles in 1823, were published by Augustus W. N. Pugin in 1828. The illustrations to the article ‘Catacomb’ in the Dictionary of the Architectural Publication Society comprise plans of a catacomb in Alexandria drawn in 1823 by Scoles, Parke, and Catherwood.

Meanwhile in 1826 he returned home and resumed his practice. In 1828 he planned and carried out the building of Gloucester Terrace, Regent's Park, for which John Nash supplied the general elevation. Scoles designed for Lord Calthorpe. These, with some small additions and restorations to Burgh Castle and Blundestone churches, Suffolk, comprised all his work for the established church of England. . . .

Scoles was elected a fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1835, was honorary secretary from May 1846 to May 1856, and vice-president in 1857-8. To the society's proceedings he contributed papers principally on the monuments of Egypt and the Holy Land, the outcome of his early travels. He died on 29 December 1863 at his residence, Crofton Lodge, Hammersmith.

Scoles married, in 1831, Harriott, daughter of Robert Cory of Great Yarmouth. Four sons and eight daughters survived him. There passed to the possession of his son, Augustus Cory Scoles, a watercolour drawing by John Hollins, A.R.A., representing Scoles in the native costume he had adopted when in Syria.
Works for the Roman Catholic Church (no illustrations on this site)

St. Mary's Chapel, South Town, Yarmouth (1830)
St. Peter's Church, Great Yarmouth (1831)
St. George's Church, Edgbaston
Our Lady's Church, St. John's Wood (1832)
St. Peter's Collegiate Church, Stonyhurst, Lancashire (1832)
St. Ignatius, Preston, Lancashire (1835)
St. James's, Colchester (1837)
St. Mary's, Newport, Monmouthshire (1840)
St. David's, Cardiff (1842)
St. John's, Islington (1843)
the Immaculate Conception, Farm Street, London (1844)
St. Francis Xavier's, Liverpool (1844)
Church of the Immaculate Conception, Chelmsford (1847)
Church and presbytery of Great Yarmouth (1848-50)
Chapel, Ince Hall, Lancashire (1859)
Holy Cross, St. Helen's, Lancashire (1860)
London Oratory, Brompton
Convent, Sidney Street, Brompton
Chapel, Prior Park College, Bath ...'

Church of St James the Less, Priory Street (south side)

Date
1837

[JB] Roman Catholic church and presbytery by J.J. Scoles, 1837. White brick, in the Norman style. Sanctuary enlarged and N aisle added 1904, S aisle 1907, by C.E. Butcher. Wide interior with Norman columns, clerestory, chancel arch and apse, reordered 1987. Exterior without tower, but with the typical turrets of the (Gothic) Commissioners’ churches of the early C19. Attached presbytery on S side of church also in white brick and with round-headed windows. Fittings include stained glass windows in apse by Lavers & Westlake, 1904. Central apse window by Heaton, Butler & Bayne, from the Church of St Leonard, Leicester, and two lancets in N chapel by A.W.N. Pugin from a redundant church in Derbyshire, installed 1987.
A good example of a relatively early Roman Catholic church in England by one of the leading Roman Catholic architects of the day. The choice of style and materials closely follows St Botolph's Church nearby, opened the same year. Forms a group with the Cardinal Bourne Institute. [JB]

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Old postcard shows the interior.

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