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W Scargill

W Scargill architectural practice in Colchester from c 1880.

Walter Scargill biography (from 'Directory of British Architects 1834-1914'):
fl. 1851-1886
1868; 12 South Square, Gray's Inn, WC, London
1886; Essex Hall Road, Colchester, Essex
Educated Christ's College; RA Schools 1851, pupil of John Douglas Hopkins (Hopkins was one of the Founders of the Royal Institute of British Architects and was a pupil of John Buonarotti Papworth, designer, inventor, author and architect (he also has an association with Hylands House and several ther stately homes). In 1834, '... The constitution of the Institute of British Architects was thrashed out on the basis of a prospectus signed by Hopkins as honorary secretary, expressing the deeply felt need that architecture should, like most branches of art, science, and literature, have a society of its own: its objects would be the ‘Cultivation and improvement of practical Architecture, and the general advancement of the Art and Science’; with meetings, library, and museum, as previously proposed, and a collection of building materials for experiment ...' - www.oxforddnb.com/public/themes/97/97265.html)

Surviving buildings:
19 Oxford Road, Lexden, Colchester

ERO holds these documents (SCARGILL, ARCHITECT or ARCHITECT AND BUILDER):

Watercolour reconstructions of St Botolph's Priory
* I/Mb 90/1/68, watercolour: Reconstruction of interior of St. Botolph's Priory, Colchester W. Scargill. Watercolour: Reconstruction of interior of St. Botolph's Priory, Colchester. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/Images.Net/?ID=470865&intThisRecordsOffSet=1…
* I/Mb 90/1/69, watercolour: St. Botolph's Priory, Colchester reconstruction of exterior W. Scargill Watercolour: St. Botolph's Priory, Colchester reconstruction of exterior. http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/Images.Net/?ID=470866&intThisRecordsOffSet=0…

Building plans
* D/B 6 Pb2/321, building plan of house, Mile End, Colchester, 1882 (for F Shelton)
* D/B 6 Pb2/347, building plan of two cottages, Kendall Road, Colchester, 1883 (for H. D'Eath and G. Cater)
* D/B 6 Pb2/367, building plan of houses, Pelham Road, Colchester, 1883 (for E Botteryle)
* D/B 6 Pb2/357, building plan of cottages, New Park Street, the Hythe, Colchester, 1883 (for H Jones)
* D/B 6 Pb2/375, building plan of workshop, Colchester, 1884 (for Colchester Union)
* D/B 6 Pb2/387, building plan of stable, Culver Street, Colchester, 1884 (for Messrs Tabrum and Jones)
* D/B 6 Pb2/390, building plan of alterations, Lion Walk, Colchester, 1884 (for Messrs Tabrum and Jones)
* D/B 6 Pb2/400, building plan of eight cottages, Manor Road, Lord's Land, Colchester, 1885 (for T Flory)
* D/B 6 Pb3/3, building plan of cottage, Mile End Road, Colchester, 1885 (for C Parker)
* D/B 6 Pb3/16, building plan of additions, Ipswich Road, Colchester, 1885 (for Mr Braddy)
* D/B 6 Pb3/72, building plan of house, Bergholt Road, Colchester, 1886 (for J Toppesfield)
* D/B 6 Pb3/383, building plan of additions, Priory Road, Colchester, 1890 (for G Death)
* D/B 6 Pb3/370, building plan of three houses, Butt Road, Colchester, 1890 (for T Flory)
* D/B 6 Pb3/343, building plan of three houses, Roman Road, Colchester, 1890 (for E B Folkard)
* D/B 6 Pb3/469, building plan of house, Roman Road, Colchester, 1891 (for A Godfrey)
* D/B 6 Pb3/446, building plan of house, Roman Road, Colchester, 1891 (for Mr Folkard)
* D/B 6 Pb3/406, building plan of two houses, Brook Street, Colchester, 1891 (for A Sansom)
* D/B 6 Pb3/566, building plan of shop window alteration, Crouch Street, Colchester, 1892 (for W Barrett)
* D/B 6 Pb3/514, building plan of house, North Street, Colchester, 1892
* D/B 6 Pb3/486, building plan of house, Bergholt Road, Colchester, 1892
* D/B 6 Pb3/501, building plan of two cottages, Bergholt Road, Colchester, 1892
* D/B 6 Pb3/564, building plan of additions to house, Maldon Road, Colchester, 1892 (for Mr Folkard)
* D/B 6 Pb3/629, building plan of wash house and W.C.s., 101 and 102 Priory Street, Colchester, 1893
* D/B 6 Pb3/608, building plan of offices, Artillery Street, Colchester, 1893 (for H Cardy)
* D/B 6 Pb3/848, building plan of two cottages, Mile End Road, Colchester, 1895
* D/B 6 Pb3/884, building plan of Schools, Priory Street, Colchester, 1895 (for St James' Church)
* D/B 6 Pb3/1179, building plan of showroom, Bergholt Road, Colchester, 1898
* D/B 6 Pb3/1346, building plan of house, King Stephen Road, Colchester, 1899
* D/B 6 Pb3/1780, building plan of shops and offices, Culver Street, Colchester, 1902
* D/B 6 Pb3/1865, building plan of five cottages and four cottages, St. Peter's Street and Northgate Street, Colchester, 1903
* D/B 6 Pb3/1876, building plan of five houses, Northgate Street and St. Peter's Street, Colchester, 1903
* D/B 6 Pb3/1965, building plan of extension of offices, 45 Balkerne Lane, Colchester, 1904
* D/B 6 Pb3/2369, building plan of cast iron store, 33 Hamilton Road, Colchester, 1906
* D/B 6 Pb3/2288, building plan of store shed, 123 Butt Road, Colchester, 1906
* D/B 6 Pb3/2279, building plan of two pairs of cottages, Mile End, Colchester, 1906
* D/B 6 Pb3/2265, building plan of stable, 16 Northgate Street, Colchester, 1906
* D/B 6 Pb3/2425, building plan of bungalow, Mile End Road, Colchester, 1907
* D/B 6 Pb3/2870, building plan of cast iron wash house in backyard of 76 and 77 Northgate Street, Colchester, 1910

After the earthquake of 1884, in 1888 the upper part of the tower of St Leonard-at-the-Hythe was rebuilt to a design by W Scargill (Pevsner/Bettley 2007).

[Note: Mr T Flory was a brickmaker and builder.]

19 Oxford Road Colchester CO3 3WA (Joyce Brooks House)

Date
1892

Fine large detached house of white brick in garden with wall to street, built 1892. Very appropriate for good-quality residential street of Oxford Road in Lexden. Designed by W. Scargill for Mr. Martin. Forms a group with 21 Oxford Road (part of important corner building 26-30 Creffield Road).

Scargill was a notable architect in Colchester; see his entry in the 'Architects' section on this web-site.

No 19 is now part of Joyce Brooks House sheltered housing complex with linking glass corridor to modern building.

ERO - building plan of house in Oxford Road (no 19), 1892, ERO D/B 6 Pb3/500 (2 plans)

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'... After 1876 a further area between Lexden and Maldon Roads was developed: the executors of Charles Gray Round sold part of Hospital farm on the Creffield estate in 1876 and 1878, and spacious detached houses were built in Creffield, Oxford, Gray, and Hospital Roads ...' (VCH 9)

The other buildings in Oxford Road which are included in the local list are:
1 - 1891
1a
2 and 4 - no 2 is Oxford Lodge, c 1880
2a - Creffield House
3 - 1878
5 - 1888, designed by J F Goodey, important Colchester architect
7 - 1893, designed by Goodey & Cressall, important Colchester architectural practice
9 - 1893, designed by Goodey & Cressall, important Colchester architectural practice
21 - 1886, part of nos 26-30 Creffield Road
the Nurses Home
Oxford Court

[Note: the Creffields were a wealthy Colchester family, and Charles Gray married into the family. Charles Gray Round was a member of the wealthy local Round family and inherited some of the property of the Creffields via Charles Gray - hence the names of this group of roads. Hospital Road probably relates to the Essex County Hospital rather than the farm. 'Oxford' probably derives from the associations of the Earls of Oxford with Colchester, although Charles Gray Round attended Oxford University and also unsuccessfully stood for election as MP there.]

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